The Question of the Line of the Chinese
( Summary )
By Wu Fan
I. The importance of contention on the lines of pro-democracy
The lines of organization of pro-democracy movement are to be
contended on what strategy and what style and method of struggle
to be used in the process of striving for democratization of
China. This organization is the aggregation of the collective
wisdom of numerous members and the wisdom and experience of
various classes of the society.
II Various aspects of contention of the lines of Chinese
- How to regard and treat the Chinese Communists. The
Chinese Communists should be treated rationally, because
among them there are many patriots and reformers, and
many of them are elites of the Chinese people. One of the
targets in the process of democratization of China is to
strive for the self-transformation of the Chinese
Communist Party amid the changes in economic benefits,
political pressures and international circumstances.
- How overseas pro-democracy movements treat China. One of
the ultimate aims of overseas pro-democracy movements is
to make China strong, in order to maintain peace in the
Asian Pacific Region and in the world and to treat
neighbouring countries on equal basis.
- Peaceful rationale and violent revolution. This
divergence in lines among overseas pro-democracy forces
has been all along existing. The social reform and
changes do not necessarily rely completely on violence.
Peaceful and rational reform, and peaceful and rational
election are the best alternatives.
- The openness and secrecy of pro-democracy movements. In
organizing political parties and participating in
elections, open activities must be adopted to expose
oneself and one’s platform for the choice of electors.
This is a way to observe the rule of law and to abide by
the law, and it is also the safest way.
- Nationalism and Chinese Nihilism. In the process of
striving for democratization of China, the ideological
trend of nationalism must not be overlooked, lest it
fail. When the national interest clashes with the process
of democratization, the problem should be addressed by
wise judgement of the situation. It is undesirable to
bully other ethnic minorities with Han chauvinism. The
various nations of China should be treated on the basis
of democracy, liberty, human rights and rule of law.
- The position of the Chinese pro-democracy movement
towards Taiwan, Tibet and Xinjiang. In respect of Tibet
and Xinjiang and other places, under the basis of one
China, under the condition of democracy, the union system
may be a good alternative.
- The attitude on MFN and WTO. The Chinese pro-democracy
organizations should support China to accept MFN and to
join the WTO, because after economic takeoff, the
political reform will be easier. China must reply on a
full-scale improvement in the political, economic, social
and cultural aspects and in international trade before
she can launch a complete political reform.